British reconnaissance failed to locate the ship, and after the fire was extinguished, the ship returned to Hamburg's Blohm & Voss shipyard, where repairs lasted slightly over a week. KzS Heye was given command of Group 2 during the operation. The first heavy cruisers of the Kriegsmarine were separated from their only possible ancestors by nearly 40 years, the last two Scharnhorst 1906 class armoured cruisers, which served Admiral Von Spee well. Admiral Hipper, the first of five ships of her class, was the lead ship of the Admiral Hipper class of heavy cruisers which served with Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II. Glowworm attempted to flee, but when it became apparent she could not break away from the pursuing cruiser, she turned toward Admiral Hipper and fired a spread of torpedoes, all of which missed. 1945. Five of the twenty ships were allocated to Operation Excess. Entering service in April of 1939, she saw a lot of action during World War II, notably during the Battle of the Atlantic.  Her keel was laid on 6 July 1935, under construction number 246. , One of Admiral Hipper's Arado seaplanes had to make an emergency landing in Eide, Norway on 8 April. She therefore returned to Brest on 15 February. In January 1942, the ship had her steam turbines overhauled at the Blohm & Voss shipyard; a degaussing coil was fitted to the ship's hull during this overhaul. Specifications for Admiral Hipper class The Treaty of Versailles forbade the construction of heavy German warships.  The ship was assigned as the flagship of Group 2, along with the destroyers Paul Jakobi, Theodor Riedel, Friedrich Eckoldt, and Bruno Heinemann. On 3 May, RAF bombers attacked the harbor and severely damaged the ship.  On 11 February, the ship encountered and sank an isolated transport from convoy HG 53, which had been dispersed by U-boat and Luftwaffe attacks.  As built, the ship had a straight stem, though after her launch this was replaced with a clipper bow. Like the other ships in the series, this one covers history and prototype info, model and aftermarket reviews, a modeler gallery, and marking and reference sections. , Kapitän zur See (Captain at Sea) Hellmuth Heye was given command of the ship at her commissioning.  One of the hits damaged the ship's propulsion system; the No. In World War II they participated in the battle for Norway and Operation Cerberus, and were part of anti-convoy operations and Baltic patrols. On 7 November, the cruiser's Arado Ar 196 floatplane located the 7,925-long-ton (8,052 t) Soviet tanker Donbass and its escort, the auxiliary warship BO-78.  Admiral Hipper, again served as Kummetz's flagship; the squadron comprised Lützow and the destroyers Friederich Eckoldt, Richard Beitzen, Theodor Riedel, Z29, Z30, and Z31.  The Commander-in-Chief of the Kriegsmarine, Großadmiral (Grand Admiral) Erich Raeder, who had been Franz von Hipper's chief of staff during World War I, gave the christening speech and his wife Erika Raeder performed the christening. Admiral Hipper was the nameship of Admiral Hipper-class. She was ultimately broken up for scrap in 1948–1952 and her bell is currently on display at the Laboe Naval Memorial. 3 boiler filled with a mix of oil and water, which forced the crew to turn off the starboard turbine engine.  She joined the battleships Scharnhorst and Gneisenau and the destroyers Karl Galster and Wilhelm Heidkamp in a sortie into the North Sea off Bergen, Norway. Admiral Hipper leaves Gotenhafen (Gdynia) with 1529 refugees on board following the passenger ship Wilhelm Gustloff to Kiel. The scattered vessels could no longer be protected by the convoy escorts, and the Germans sank 21 of the 34 isolated transports. As finalised, the protective scheme comprised a side belt of 70 to 80mm and an armoured deck of between 20mm and 30mm, with small areas of 40mm. Intended to be a class of five, they enjoyed contrasting fortunes: Seydlitz and Lützow were never completed; Blücher was the first major German warship sunk in action; Admiral Hipper became one of the most successful commerce raiders of the war; while the Prinz Eugen survived to be expended as a target in one of the first American nuclear tests in 1946. Captain Robert Sherbrooke, the British escort commander, left two destroyers to cover the convoy while he took the remaining four to pursue Admiral Hipper. , "L/60" denotes the length of the gun in terms of, Shipwrecks and maritime incidents in May 1945, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=German_cruiser_Admiral_Hipper&oldid=1001913745, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Scuttled, 3 May 1945, raised and scrapped in 1948–1952, 16,170 t (15,910 long tons; 17,820 short tons) (design), This page was last edited on 21 January 2021, at 23:27. A raked funnel cap was also installed.  The ships steamed to the Schillig roadstead outside Wilhelmshaven, where they joined Group 1, consisting of ten destroyers, and the battleships Scharnhorst and Gneisenau, which were assigned to cover Groups 1 and 2. The fire forced the crew to shut down the ship's propulsion system until the blaze could be brought under control; this rendered Admiral Hipper motionless for several hours on the open sea. The other two hits started a fire in her aircraft hangar.  Repairs were effected quickly, however, and the two battleships broke out into the Atlantic in early February. The British destroyer scored one hit on Admiral Hipper's starboard bow before a rudder malfunction set the ship on a collision course with the German cruiser. After completion of the refit, Admiral Hipper conducted sea trials in the Baltic before putting into Gotenhafen on 21 December for some minor refitting. , On 1 February 1941, Admiral Hipper embarked on her second Atlantic sortie. ThatZenoGuy. However, the second, convoy JW 51B, was spotted by the submarine U-354 south of Bear Island. The dockyard workers discovered the ship had been damaged more severely by the collision with Glowworm than had previously been thought. The last two of these were never completed while Seydlitz was slated to … El barco poseía varias ventajas típicas de los barcos de la Marina Alemana; un avanzado sistema de control de tiro y un elevado nivel de supervivencia.  After returning to Altafjord, emergency repairs to Admiral Hipper were effected, which allowed her to return to Bogen Bay on 23 January 1943. , By the end of 1944, the ship was due for another overhaul; work was to have lasted for three months. If it no longer meets these criteria, you can reassess it. Admiral Hipper then disengaged, to prevent the British destroyers from closing to launch a torpedo attack.  On 25 July, Admiral Hipper steamed out on a commerce raiding patrol in the area between Spitzbergen and Tromsø; the cruise lasted until 9 August.  The five ships carried a total of 1,700 Wehrmacht mountain troops, whose objective was the port of Trondheim; the ships loaded the troops in Cuxhaven. After commission, Admiral Hipper … The near vertical bow was late 1939, begin 1940 rebuilt to the "Atlantic bow". The Anglo-German Treaty of 1935 however de factorecognized the harshness of i… Admiral Hipper's armor thicknesses were generally less than that of New Orleans and Tuscaloosa. , The British submarine Tigris unsuccessfully attempted to torpedo Admiral Hipper on 10 September, while the ship was patrolling with Admiral Scheer and the light cruiser Köln. After the installation of a clipper bow during fitting out, her overall length increased to 205 m (673 ft). The ship was never restored to operational status, however, and on 3 May 1945, Royal Air Force bombers severely damaged her while she was in Kiel. , Following the attack on convoy SLS 64, Admiral Hipper's fuel stocks were running low. She had four triple 53.3 cm (21.0 in) torpedo launchers, all on the main deck next to the four range finders for the anti-aircraft guns.  The Admiral Hippers were nominally within the 10,000-ton limit, though they significantly exceeded the figure. In December 1940, she broke out into the Atlantic Ocean to operate against Allied merchant shipping, though this operation ended without significant success.  The cruiser escorted the destroyers Z23, Z28, Z29, and Z30 on 24–28 September to lay a minefield off the north-west coast of Novaya Zemlya. Admiral Hipper-class cruiser has been listed as one of the Warfare good articles under the good article criteria. The Germans also sank the minesweeper Bramble and damaged the destroyers Onslow, Obedient, and Obdurate. Before the ship could leave, damage caused to the ship's hull by wrecks in the harbor had to be repaired.  While en route, Admiral Hipper stopped to refuel in Bergen. Admiral Karl Dönitz, Raeder's successor, persuaded Hitler to retain the surface fleet, however.  Upon arrival, the ship went into the Deutsche Werke shipyard for an extensive overhaul, which lasted for seven months. , Sea trials in the Baltic resumed in January 1940, but severe ice restrained the ship to port. Admiral Hipper-class cruiser is part of the Heavy cruisers of Germany series, a good topic. The five ordered ships of the Admiral Hipper-class were laid down between July 1935 - August 1937. , Based on the order issued at the outset of the operation to avoid action with a force equal in strength to his own, poor visibility, and the damage to his flagship, Kummetz decided to abort the attack.  Escorting the convoy were the battleships HMS Duke of York and USS Washington and the aircraft carrier HMS Victorious. The Wilhlem Gustloff was torpedoed by a Russian submarine, but Admiral Hipper arrived at Kiel unharmed on 02.02. She was armed with a main battery of eight 20.3 cm (8.0 in) guns and, although nominally under the 10,000-long-ton (10,000 t) limit set by the Anglo-German Naval Agreement, actually displaced over 16,000 long tons (16,000 t). The German Navy had preferred approaches for the Admiral Hippers to fight battleships, cruisers, and carriers. The British cruisers turned toward Lützow and came under fire from both German cruisers. By now, the ship was running low on fuel, and so she put into Brest in occupied France on 27 December. In historical terms, the Admiral Hipper class of cruisers were the most advanced designs ever commissioned by the Kriegsmarine.  Another round of routine maintenance work was effected while the ship was in Brest, readying her for another sortie into the Atlantic shipping lanes. On 6 June 1939 the ship moored in Kiel, where she took part in the celebration of the “Kieler Woche” (Kiel Week). A third destroyer, Wolfgang Zenker, was forced to turn back after sustaining damage from ice.  The British destroyer had survived long enough to send a wireless message to the Royal Navy headquarters, which allowed the battlecruiser Renown time to move into position to engage Scharnhorst and Gneisenau, though the German battleships used their superior speed to break off contact. As a result, Admiral Hipper was returned to Germany and decommissioned for repairs. In 1935, Germany signed the Anglo–German Naval Agreement with Great Britain, which provided a legal basis for German naval rearmament; the treaty specified that Germany would be able to build five 10,000-long-ton (10,000 t) "treaty cruisers". , Admiral Hipper was ordered to leave the Norwegian theatre on 5 August 1940 for an overhaul in Wilhelmshaven. , The collision with Glowworm tore off a 40-meter (130 ft) section of Admiral Hipper's armored belt on the starboard side, as well as the ship's starboard torpedo launcher. The main armor deck, for example, was close to half as thick, at 30mm vs 57.15mm. Klaus-Peter Schmolke, his collaborator, was well-known for the detail and accuracy of his technical drawings. In July 1945, after the end of the war, Admiral Hipper was raised and towed to Heikendorfer Bay and subsequently broken up for scrap in 1948–1952. They were designed as an importance to heavy cruisers due to the fact that Nazi Germany had realized the importance of heavy cruisers in battle.  On 28 February, the ship was decommissioned in accordance with Hitler's decree. The convoy was protected by a powerful escort composed of the aircraft carriers Furious and Argus, the cruisers Berwick, Bonaventure, and Dunedin, and six destroyers. 1 Introduction 2 Namesake 3 Profile 4 Attributes 5 Quotes 6 Trivia 7 External Links Launched in 1933, Admiral Scheer was one of three Deutschland-class heavy cruisers that served the Kriegsmarine during the Second World War. 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